The Output Hypothesis (Swain 1985)

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What is  needed  in this paper is just detailed summary (and critical comments on it not just summarising) of the pushed output hypothesis in Second language learning established first by Swain (1985).

Some articles will be attached  which Swain published plus one interesting article by another authors testing the output hypothesis. Also, try to find this article ” Task-based second language learning: the uses of the first language” written by Merrill Swain and Sharon Lapkin and include it as well.

If you have more references which adds more details to the hypothesis that would be really great. if you require more information, please don’t hesitate to ask for explanation.

 

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